Current Hypertension Reviews

Prof. Kazuomi Kario
Jichi Medical University
School of Medicine
Tochigi
Japan

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Coronary Atherosclerosis The Implications of Being a Woman

Author(s): Enrique Morales-Villegas.

Abstract:

The profile of ischemic heart disease by coronary atherosclerosis has been developed based on clinical, paraclinical and angiographic grounds inherent to the male gender. A man in his 40s - 50s with "classical” cardiovascular risk factors, angina pectoris and hemodynamically significant myocardial ischemia associated with angiographic stenosis (≥ 50% endovascular diameter reduction equivalent to ≥ 75% endovascular area reduction and determining a transstenotic pressure gradient) is the prototype over which guidelines for prevention, diagnosis and treatment of this disease are structured. However, this "male" pattern of coronary atherosclerosis is not the rule in female gender. Therefore, in women, the frequent lack of a clinical, paraclinical and angiographic profile, classically masculine, results in a suboptimal medical approach, characterized by low implementation of the guidelines for prevention, diagnosis and treatment of ischemic heart disease. The final consequence of this cycle, favored by other gender, social and environmental circumstances, is a high morbidity and mortality caused by this pathology in the female gender.

In this chapter, which concludes with a review of the state-of-the-art knowledge of atheroma in females, the current concepts on the physiological level of c-LDL, oxidized c-LDL "a mimicked pathogen" and atherogenesis will be reviewed in sequence for didactic purposes.

Keywords: Atherogenesis, atheroma-in-females, coronary-angiography, coronary-angiotomography, coronary-atherosclerosis, coronary-ultrasound, ischemic-heart-disease, LDL-physiological-level, oxidized-LDL.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 9
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2013
Page: [297 - 309]
Pages: 13
DOI: 10.2174/1573402110666140702092016
Price: $58