Combination of Statin Plus Renin Angiotensin System Inhibition for the Prevention or the Treatment of Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease

Author(s): Vasilios G. Athyros, Niki Katsiki, Asterios Karagiannis, Dimitri P. Mikhailidis.

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 20 , Issue 40 , 2014

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Abstract:

Statins effectively reduce cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality. However, even after low-density lipoprotein cholesterol goal attainment there is a residual CVD risk. To reduce this risk, combining statins with drugs acting on the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) was investigated. The GREek Atorvastatin and Coronary-heart-disease Evaluation (GREACE), Japanese Coronary Artery Disease (JCAD), Anglo-Scandinavian Cardiac Outcomes Trial (ASCOT) and The Assessing the Treatment Effect in Metabolic Syndrome Without Perceptible Diabetes (ATTEMPT) trials suggest that the statin plus RAS inhibition combination reduces CVD events more than a statin alone and considerably more than RAS inhibition alone. This benefit seems to be related to effects on endothelial function, vascular inflammation and the initiation, progression and rupture of atheromatous plaques. These effects are, at least in part, driven by mediators, the microRNAs (miRs), that are implicated in the pathogenesis and clinical manifestations of atherosclerosis (e.g. restoration of endothelial function and attenuation of vascular inflammation). Some miRs are favourably affected by statins and others by RAS inhibition. There is a miR family (miR-146a/b), related to coronary artery plaque destabilization that is beneficially affected by both statins and RAS inhibition.

Statins and RAS inhibition combination should be routinely prescribed in high risk patients with CVD, hypertension, obesity, metabolic syndrome, and/or diabetes to maximize clinical benefit.

Keywords: Statin, renin-angiotensin system inhibitor, combination, cardiovascular disease, low grade inflammation, endothelial function, microRNA.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 20
ISSUE: 40
Year: 2014
Page: [6299 - 6305]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1381612820666140620115756
Price: $58

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