Selected nanoparticles and nanocomposites on the basis of radioactive elements are reviewed. Isotopes of metallic
gold, iodine and technetium salts, CeO2 and other lanthanide and actinide compounds, as well as several p- (P, C, F,
Te) and d- (Fe, Co, Cu, Cd, Zn) elements form most common radioactive nanoparticles. Methods for their fabrication, including
dopation with radionuclides and neutron/proton/deuteron activation, are discussed. These nanocomposites possess
a series of useful applications, in particular in biology and medicine, including cancer therapeutics, drug delivery systems
and radiotracers, as well as in the studies of several catalytic processes and materials structure.
Keywords: Actinides, biodistribution, biomedicine, cancer therapeutics, catalysis, dopation, drug delivery, gold, iodine, labelling,
lanthanides, nanocomposites, neutron/proton/deuteron activation, nuclear medicine, radioactive nanoparticles, radioimmunotherapy,
radiotracers, technetium, transition metal isotopes.
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