Application of nanotechnology in medicine has resulted in the appearance of new supramolecular systems,
complexes and composites. Among these, dendrimers are represented, which are globular in shape with a topological
structure formed by monomeric subunit branches on all sides emerging from the central nucleus. This article gives a short
patent overview on their possible applications in medicine. Dendrimers can act as contrast agents, drug and gene delivery
carriers, drugs treating amyloidosis (including Alzheimer’s disease), antibacterial and antiviral agents, antioxidants,
vaccines, immunostimulants (adjuvants), tissue coatings, and dental and medical polymer composites.