Alkaline Serine Protease from Marine Bacillus flexus APCMST-RS2P: Purification and Characterization
Thirumalai Maruthiah, Palanichamy Esakkiraj, Grasian Immanuel and Arunachalam Palavesam
Affiliation: Marine Biotechnology Laboratory, Centre for Marine Science and Technology, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Rajakkamangalam, 629 502 Kanyakumari District, Tamilnadu, India.
Keywords: Alkaline serine protease, Bacillus flexus, non ionic and commercial detergents.
Protease enzyme from estuarine sediment bacterium Bacillus flexus was purified by using two steps such as
ammonium sulphate precipitation (37.25% enzyme yield and 2.75 fold purification) and sephadex G-75 gel filtration
chromatography (9.38% yield and 10.62 fold purification). Molecular weight of the purified protease detected was 44.3
kDa. The protease activity was found to be maximum at pH 8.0 and retained its activity in the pH range of 8-9 after 1.5 h
of incubation. Also at 40°C the protease activity was maximum and remained stable between a temperature range of 40 to
50°C after 1.5 h of incubation. This enzyme is slightly halophilic and the maximum activity was observed in 0.5 M NaCl
concentration. Further, the tested surfactants were found to enhance the protease activity; also this enzyme maintained its
activity in the presence of SDS (5mM). Among the metal ions tested, mercuric chloride and zinc chloride completely
inhibited the protease activity and optimum activity was registered in medium added with barium chloride and magnesium
chloride. The serine protease inhibitor was found to inhibit 90% activity and hence it was further confirmed as a serine
protease type. This enzyme effectively hydrolyzed casein when compared to BSA and gelatin.
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