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Medicinal Chemistry
ISSN (Print): 1573-4064
ISSN (Online): 1875-6638
Epub Full Text Article
DOI: 10.2174/1573406410666140526151254      Price:  $95

Antiglycation Activity of Quinoline Derivatives- A New Therapeutic Class for the Management of Type 2 Diabetes

Author(s): Bilquees Bano, Sanaullah Abbasi, Jalaluddin A. J. Khan, Shafqat Hussain, Saima Rasheed, Shahnaz Perveen, Khalid Mohammed Khan and M. Iqbal Choudhary
We report here a new class of compounds, quinoline derivatives, as potential inhibitors of in vitro bovine serum albumin-methylglyoxal glycation. Among compounds 1-19, compound 14 was found to be the most active analog with IC50 of 282.98 ± 8.4 µM, Compounds 12 (IC50 = 661.78 ± 8.7 µM) and 15 (IC50 = 629.43 ± 7.85 7 µM) were also identified as good inhibitors, in comparison to the standard inhibitor, rutin (IC50 = 294.50 ± 1.5 µM). When evaluated for antioxidant activity through in vitro DPPH radical scavenging assay, compounds 3 (IC50 = 2.19 ± 0.27 µM), 6 (IC50 = 7.35 ± 2.27 µM), 11 (IC50 = 8.96 ± 0.56 µM), and 12 (IC50 = 10.11 ± 2.03 µM), and 15 (IC50 = 7.01 ± 3.87 µM) were found to be more active than the standard i.e. gallic acid (IC50 = 23.34 ± 0.43 µM). These compounds were also evaluated for cytotoxicity against rat fibroblast cell line (3T3 cell line). All compounds were found to be non-toxic in cellular model. This study identifies quinoline derivatives as a new class of inhibitors of protein glycation in vitro, along with antioxidant and non-toxic nature. This makes them interesting leads for further studies
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs), antioxidant, diabetes, glycation inhibitors, quinoline, reactive oxygen species
H.E.J. Research Institute of Chemistry, International Center for Chemical and Biological Sciences, University of Karachi, Karachi-75270, Pakistan