Sang H. Choi

NASA Langley Research Center

Hampton, VA

USA

**Author(s):**
Jacob Schaf

**Affiliation: **Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Instituto de Fsica, Av. Bento Goncalves, 9500, CEP: 91501-970, Porto Alegre-RS, Brazil.

Recent new highly precise experimental observations, achieved with the help of the tightly synchronized clocks
of the GPS, reveal very clearly that real space, ruling the inertial motion of matter and the propagation of light, is moving
round earth and round the sun according to a Keplerian velocity field, consistent with the local main astronomical
motions. Such real space is well at hand in the Quantum Field Theory (QFT), underlying the Standard Elementary Particle
Model (SEPM). The QFT entails the idea that space is filled up with the Higgs condensate (HC), a Bose-Einstein
condensate of the zero spin Higgs bosons and a very powerfull quantum space (QS), stable up to 10^{15} degrees Kelvin.
According to QFT, likewise the superconducting condensate confines magnetic fields by the Meissner effect, making
them short-range and giving inertial mass to the photons, the HC confines the matter fields by the Higgs Mechanism,
giving mass to the elementary particles, that is, providing them with mechanical properties. This lets clear that the HC
rules the inertial motion of matter and the propagation of light and hence is the locally ultimate reference for rest and for
motion of matter and light. Moreover, likewise superconductors, develop a macroscopic velocity field of the
superconducting condensate (screening currents), expelling magnetic fields, the HC too may develop a macroscopic
velocity field of the condensate (screening currents) in the form of a Keplerian velocity field of the QS, consistent with the
local main astronomical motions, round each matter body throughout the universe. The present work demonstrates that
this Keplerian velocity field of the QS appropriately induces the observed gravitational dynamics on earth, in the solar
system as well as the galactic gravitational dynamics without the need of dark matter. This Keplerian velocity field is the
quintessence of the gravitational fields. It thrusts and compresses the matter fields into compact bodies. It also provides a
dominant antigravitation mechanism accelerating the expansion of the universe. It finally is shown that this QS-dynamics
correctly and appropriately gives rise, in terms of simple and genuine physical effects, to all the other observed effects,
caused by the gravitational fields on the propagation of light and on the rate of the clocks.

**Keywords: **Dark Energy, dark matter, gravitational effects, gravitational fields, gravitational physics, gravity.

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**Article Details**

VOLUME: 4

ISSUE: 1

Page: [44 - 66]

Pages: 23

DOI: 10.2174/2210687103999140519144116