Photoreactions in Amphiphilic Microreactors with "Soft" Cavities: Controlling Product Selectivity in Solution
The recent advances in the development and application of amphiphilic photomicroreactors with “soft” cavities in terms of supramolecular
chemistry are reviewed. In this article, we describe how these microreactors alter the photochemical behavior of guests inside
their “soft” confined and restrict microenvironment. The main aim is to show the different types of amphiphilic microreactors, the
photoreactions occurring within them and the great promise of these microreactors. Finally a comparison between the “soft” cavities and
“hard” cavities (such as zeolite, cage molecules, etc.) as well as the current challenges and further directions of these microreactors are
also discussed at the end of this review.
Keywords: Confined microenvironment, dendrimers, micelles, microreactors, photochemistry, photophysics, polymers, vesicles.
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