Cardiovascular & Hematological Disorders-Drug Targets

(Formerly Current Drug Targets - Cardiovascular & Hematological Disorders)

Garry X. Shen  
University of Manitoba
Winnipeg, MB
Canada

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Endothelial Cell Regulation of Cardiac Metabolism Following Diabetes

Author(s): Fang Wang, Dahai Zhang, Andrea Wan, Brian Rodrigues.

Abstract:

The earliest change that occurs in the diabetic heart is reduced glucose consumption, with a switch to utilization of fatty acids (FA) predominantly as an energy resource. Although this adaptation might be beneficial in the short-term, over a protracted duration, it is potentially catastrophic given the malicious effects produced by high FA in cardiomyocytes. In this review, we describe how the endothelial cell (EC), a “first-responder” to hyperglycemia, communicates with the underlying cardiomyocyte. As this cross-talk is expected to facilitate increased FA delivery to, and utilization by, the cardiomyocyte, understanding this conversationshould assist in devising new therapeutic strategies to prevent or delay diabetic heart disease.

Keywords: Cardiomyopathy, fatty acids, heparanase, LPL, metabolism, VEGF.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 14
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2014
Page: [121 - 125]
Pages: 5
DOI: 10.2174/1871529X14666140505123221
Price: $58