Catalytic Hydrogenation of Carbon Dioxide to Fuels

Author(s): Xuecheng Yan, Han Guo, Dongjiang Yang, Shilun Qiu, Xiangdong Yao.

Journal Name: Current Organic Chemistry

Volume 18 , Issue 10 , 2014

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Abstract:

Energy and environmental issues are the focus of our concerns, which have become increasingly important nowadays. There is no denying that carbon dioxide is the culprit of greenhouse effect due to the excessive consumption of fossil-based fuels in the past centuries. In order to mitigate the effect of CO2 on the environment and to realize the goal of sustainable development, it is of great importance to convert it into fuels. In this review, the main points will be concentrated on recent advances in designing efficient catalysts for the hydrogenation of CO2 to valuable fuels, such as hydrogenation of CO2 to methanol, conversion of CO2 to CO via reverse water-gas shift reaction and production of hydrocarbons through Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. Meanwhile, some key obstacles that need to be cracked to speed up the industrialization of CO2 fixation will be discussed as well.

Keywords: Carbon dioxide hydrogenation, Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, Fuels, Heterogeneous catalyst, Methanol production, Reverse watergas shift reaction.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 18
ISSUE: 10
Year: 2014
Page: [1335 - 1345]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/1385272819666140424212948
Price: $58

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