Design of Functional Nanostructured Carbons for Advanced Heterogeneous Catalysts: A Review
The research and development of functional nanostructured carbons (FNCs) or FNC-based catalysts for heterogeneous
catalysis is a highly dynamic and important topic in academia and industry because FNCs show integrated
advantages: accessible pore system, regular pore structure, controlled bulk composition and surface chemistry, rapid
ionic and electron mobility, etc as compared to their conventional analogs. Rather than a detailed treatise into every aspects
of FNCs, this short review attempts to highlight some critical and important issues of a series of FNCs based on some representative
reactions: (1) the pathways in rational fabrication of the structure and chemistry controlled FNCs, (2) the strategies to make the most
of structural merits in design of high-performance catalysts based on FNCs, (3) the possible roles of textural parameters and surface heterogeneities
of FNCs on catalytic behaviors. Finally, the challenges in the design of more tailored FNCs and FNC-based catalysts are
pointed out, and the need of advanced characterizations and computational predication for in-depth understanding of carbon physics and
chemistry of FNCs as well as catalysis mechanisms are suggested.
Keywords: Carbon catalysis support, carbon catalyst, heterogeneous catalysis, nanostructured carbon, porous structure, surface chemistry.
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