Current Medicinal Chemistry

Atta-ur-Rahman, FRS
Honorary Life Fellow
Kings College
University of Cambridge
Cambridge
UK

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Targeting Platinum Resistant Disease in Ovarian Cancer

Author(s): S.L. Morgan, J.E. Medina, M.M. Taylor, D.M. Dinulescu.

Abstract:

Ovarian cancer is an extremely aggressive disease in which the vast majority of patients face a very poor prognosis. Although most patients initially respond to current chemotherapeutic regimens that include a combination of platinum- based therapy (cisplatin/carboplatin) and paclitaxel, the vast majority of them quickly relapse and develop increased resistance to available treatments. Thus, intrinsic and acquired chemotherapy resistance is a major obstacle in the treatment of ovarian cancer patients. Consequently, the priorities for basic and translational ovarian cancer research need to include the identification of novel therapies directed against key molecular targets and signaling pathways in platinum resistant disease. At the same time, we need to develop novel systems for drug delivery aimed at increasing the efficacy and reducing the toxicity of platinum-based treatments. Improving the current responses to platinum chemotherapy is critical not only for achieving a better outcome clinically, including a longer survival, but also for allowing patients to have a better quality of life while in treatment.

Keywords: Combination therapy, CSC pathways, nanotechnology based platforms, oncomap and tumor sequencing, ovarian cancer stem cell markers, platinum resistance.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 21
ISSUE: 26
Year: 2014
Page: [3009 - 3020]
Pages: 12
DOI: 10.2174/0929867321666140414102701
Price: $58