To study the relationship between periodontal disease and concentrations of human beta-defensin 2 (HBD-2) in the saliva of patients infected and not infected with HIV. To evaluate the association between HBD-2 salivary concentration and viral load, the TCD4+ lymphocyte count (LTCD-4+) and the use of antiretroviral therapy (ART) was assessed in HIVinfected patients.
Concentrations of HBD-2 were measured in 48 patients not infected with HIV and 53 HIV-infected patients by ELISA, and these data were compared according to periodontal status. Within the group of HIV-infected patients, measures of HBD-2 were assessed according to viral load, LTCD-4+ count and the use of ART.
Concentrations of salivary HBD-2 were associated with periodontal disease in non-HIV-infected patients. In HIV-infected patients, salivary HBD-2 was associated with serum status and the use of ART, but it was not related to the periodontal condition. The presence of HBD-2 in the saliva of HIV-infected patients showed no correlations with LTCD-4+ count or viral load.
HBD-2 could be a periodontal biomarker in non-HIV-infected patients, but in HIV-infected patients, while salivary HBD- 2 was influenced by the serum status and ART use, it was not correlated with the periodontal condition.