In that setting, LeRoy and Medsger proposed to label as affected by limited SSc (lSSc) or early SSc, cases presenting with RP associated with an SSc-type nailfold capillary pattern and/or SSc-selective autoantibodies. In 2008, Koenig et al. validated these criteria and proposed to name early SSc, or pre-scleroderma, patients with RP and either a scleroderma marker autoantibody or typical capillaroscopy abnormalities or both, who had been clearly shown to have high probabilities but not the certainty to develop definite SSc during a 20-year follow-up.
This definition has been recently challenged by the development of the new ACR/EULAR criteria for the classification of SSc. At present, to be labeled as affected by early SSc, or pre-scleroderma, a patient should suffer from RP associated with either scleroderma marker autoantibodies or typical capillaroscopy findings and should not meet the 2013 ACR/EULAR criteria for the classification of SSc nor should he/she meet the criteria for SSc sine scleroderma.