Several methods for estimating drug use incidence, that have been used in the literature or that could be used,
having been used in a different framework, are described and commented. The applicability of the different methods
depends on available data and knowledge about relevant parameters. The many similarities between drug use incidence
estimation and estimation of disease incidence are highlighted, but also the distinguishing aspects that make drug use
incidence estimation a challenge to standard statistical methods.
Keywords: Drug use, incidence, prevalence, problem drug use, statistical modelling.
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