Aedes aegypti is vector of Dengue and Yellow Fevers, a mosquito of public health importance. It is the most
broadly disseminated urban species of mosquito in the world. Larval insecticide is one of the alternatives to control the
mosquito dissemination. Temephos and Bacillus turinghiensis subsp. israelensis (Bti) are the larvicidal most used in the
world to combat A. aegypti mosquito. In face of larvae resistance to Temephos and the high cost of Bti production in large
scale, research programs on insecticides often focus on alternative compounds and natural products as rich sources of
larvicides. In this work we describe significant larvicidal activity research of plant and algae extracts, essential oils and
isolated compounds against A. aegypti.
Keywords: Aedes aegypti, larvicidal activity, natural products.
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