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Current Medicinal Chemistry
ISSN (Print): 0929-8673
ISSN (Online): 1875-533X
VOLUME: 21
ISSUE: 25
DOI: 10.2174/0929867321666140303153048      Price:  $58









Atherogenic Versus Non-atherogenic Lipoprotein Profiles in Healthy Individuals. Is There a Need to Change Our Approach to Diagnosing Dyslipidemia?

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Author(s): S. Oravec, A. Dukat, P. Gavornik, M. Kucera, K. Gruber, L. Gaspar, M. Rizzo, P.P. Toth, D.P. Mikhailidis and M. Banach
Pages 2892-2901 (10)
Abstract:
The electrophoretic separation of lipoproteins on polyacrylamide gels enables the quantification of nonatherogenic and atherogenic plasma lipoproteins including small dense low density lipoprotein (sdLDL) particles, which represent the atherogenic lipoprotein subpopulations in plasma. This methodology could help distinguish between nonatherogenic hyperlipidemia, normolipidemia with an atherogenic lipoprotein profile, non-atherogenic normolipidemia, and atherogenic hyperlipidemia. According to our pilot research of a normolipidemic population, the atherogenic lipoprotein profile might be present in about 6% of normolipidemic young healthy individuals. Therefore, if confirmed by other studies, it will be necessary to consider a different diagnostic approach and risk stratification for patients with atherogenic normolipidemia (as well as non-atherogenic hypercholesterolemia).
Keywords:
Atherogenic normolipidemia, lipoprotein profile, low density lipoprotein, small dense LDL, very low-density lipoprotein.
Affiliation:
Department of Hypertension, Chair of Nephrology and Hypertension, Medical University of Lodz, Zeromskiego 113; 90-549 Lodz, Poland.