Effects of Mefepronic Acid (2-Phenoxy-2-Methyl Propionic Acid) on Hepatic Metabolism and Reproductive Parameters in Postpartum Dairy Cows
Annalisa Rizzo, Carlo Gazza, Maddalena Mutinati, Salvatore Desantis, Sara Zizza, Giovanni D'Onghia, Gianfranco D'Onghia, Marianna Pantaleo and Raffaele L. Sciorsci
Affiliation: Department of the Emergency and Organ Transplantation (D.E.T.O.) – Section of Veterinary Clinics and Animal Production, University of Bari “Aldo Moro”, Strada prov.le per Casamassima km3 - 70010, Valenzano (BA), Italy.
This study investigates the effects of mefepronic acid (MA), a PPAR-α agonist, on hepatic metabolic functions
and reproduction of postpartum dairy cows. Sixty Friesian cows were divided into Group A (administered 5g of MA IM,
within 24 hrs after calving, on the 3rd and 5th day postpartum) and Group B (control). All the cows were blood sampled
within 24 hrs of calving (Day 0), on Day 3, 5, 10, 15, 30, and 40 postpartum. On plasma, metabolic and biochemical
parameters were determined. Liver biopsies were performed on Day 0, 15 and 30 for the evaluation of hepatic lipid and
glycogen content. Reproductive parameters were also evaluated.
In Group A, blood HDL, glucose and cholesterol increased till the end of the study, in accordance with the histological
results. PPAR-α immunopositive cells increased in liver slices of Group A, too. Reproductive parameters improved in
Group A. This study highlights the beneficial effects of mefepronic acid on the hepatic metabolism and reproductive
parameters of post-partum dairy cows.
Keywords: Dairy cow, fatty acids, lipid, liver metabolism, mefepronic acid, reproduction.
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