TiO2~Deoxyribozyme Nanocomposites as Delivery System and Efficient Site-Specific Agents for Cleavage of RNA Targets
Asya S. Levina, Marina N. Repkova, Nadezhda V. Shikina, Zinfer R. Ismagilov, Natalia V. Shatskaya and Valentina F. Zarytova
Synthetic DNA molecules of 10-23 deoxyribozymes (Dz) are known to be efficient and site-specific agents for the RNA cleavage in a catalytic manner. To provide the penetration of Dz into cells, we have proposed the new delivery system for deoxyribozymes in the form of TiO2•PL-Dz nanocomposite. These nanocomposites consist of catalytically active Dz molecules noncovalently immobilized through the polylysine linker to TiO2 nanoparticles, which provide the penetration of Dz into cells. Deoxyribozymes in the prepared TiO2•PL-Dz nanocomposites were shown to retain their ability to cleave RNA targets albeit at a slower rate but with the same
site-specificity and similar efficiency as free Dz. Unlike free Dz, the proposed TiO2•PL-Dz nanocomposites penetrate into cells without auxiliary actions.
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