Consumption of Mixed Fruit-juice Drink and Vitamin C Reduces Postprandial Stress Induced by a High Fat Meal in Healthy Overweight Subjects

Author(s): Ilaria Peluso, Debora V. Villano, Susan A. Roberts, Eleonora Cesqui, Anna Raguzzini, Gina Borges, Alan Crozier, Giovina Catasta, Elisabetta Toti, Mauro Serafini.

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 20 , Issue 6 , 2014

Abstract:

Postprandial stress induced by acute consumption of meals with a high fat content results in an increase of markers of cardiometabolic risk. Repeated acute dietary stress may induce a persistent low-grade inflammation, playing a role in the pathogenesis of functional gut diseases. This may cause an impairment of the complex immune response of the gastrointestinal mucosa, which results in a breakdown of oral tolerance. We investigated the effect of ingestion of a fruit-juice drink (FJD) composed by multiple fruit juice and extracts, green tea extracts and vitamin C on postprandial stress induced by a High Fat Meal (HFM) in healthy overweight subjects. Following a double blind, placebo controlled, cross-over design, 15 healthy overweight subjects were randomized to a HFM providing 1334 Kcal (55% fat, 30% carbohydrates and 15% proteins) in combination with 500 mL of a placebo drink (HFM-P) or a fruit-juice drink (HFM-FJD). Ingestion of HFM-P led to an increase in circulating levels of cholesterol, triglycerides, glucose, insulin, TNF-α and IL-6. Ingestion of HFM-FJD significantly reduced plasma levels of cholesterol and triglycerides, decreasing inflammatory response mediated by TNF-α and IL-6. Ingestion of a fruit-juice drink reduce markers of postprandial stress induced by a HFM.

Keywords: Fruit-juice drink, vitamin C, triglycerides, inflammation, human, postprandial stress.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 20
ISSUE: 6
Year: 2014
Page: [1020 - 1024]
Pages: 5
DOI: 10.2174/138161282006140220144802
Price: $58

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