Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) has attracted increasing attention over the past years because outcomes
have improved impressively lately. The changes for neurological intact outcomes has been poor but several areas have
achieved improving survival rates after adjusting their cardiac arrest care. The pre-hospital management is certainly key
and decides whether a cardiac arrest patient can be brought back into a spontaneous circulation. However, the whole chain
of resuscitation including the in-hospital care have improved also. This review describes aetiologies of OHCA, risk and
potential protective factors and recent advances in the pre-hospital and in-hospital management of these patients.
Keywords: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, resuscitation, sudden cardiac arrest, ventricular fibrillation.
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