Lung Function In Health And Disease: Basic Concepts of Respiratory Physiology and Pathophysiology

Indexed in: Book Citation Index, Science Edition, EBSCO.

This reference presents basic concepts relevant to respiratory function in normal and diseased states.The volume stresses a quantitative approach to physical parameters used as indicators of normal ...
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Functional Consequences of Respiratory Diseases

Pp. 233-269 (37)

Camillo Peracchia

Abstract

This chapter briefly details the major functional consequences of pulmonary diseases. In particular, respiratory disorders are reviewed in terms of their etiopathology and effects on alveolar dead space, conductive shunt, maldistribution shunt-like effect, diffusion impairment, partial pressure of arterial blood gases, acid-base balance, tissue oxygenation, pulmonary circulation, mechanics (static and dynamic) and control of breathing.

Keywords:

Asthma, Bronchiectasis, Bronchiolitis, Chronic bronchitis, Chronic-Obstructive-Pulmonary-Disease (COPD), Control-of-Breathing Disorders, Cystic Fibrosis, Emphysema, Extra-thoracic Obstruction, Interstitial Pulmonary-Fibrosis, Mediastinal Diseases, Muco-Ciliary Clearance, Phagocytic-Inflammatory Cells, Pneumonia, Pneumothorax, Pulmonary Edema, Pulmonary Embolism, Pulmonary Hypertension, Respiratory Failure (ARDS, IRDS), Respiratory-Mechanics Disorders.

Affiliation:

Department of Pharmacology and Physiology University of Rochester, School of Medicine and Dentistry 601 Elmwood Ave. Rochester, NY 14642-8711 USA