Inorganic Nanoparticles for In Vitro Cancer Diagnosis: A Patent Review
Yan Zhang, Jing Ma, Shuang Dai, Yan Wang and Lei Wang
Affiliation: School of Pharmaceutical Science, Shandong University, Wenhua Xilu 44, 250012, Jinan, Shandong, P.R. China.
Keywords: Cancer diagnosis, gold nanoparticles, in vitro, inorganic nanoparticles, magnetic nanoparticles, quantum dots.
Early detection and treatment of diseases will increase the rate of cancer survival. Improving the performance
of current diagnostic assay for cancer is in growing need. Recently, as potential diagnostic tools in the field of oncology,
inorganic nanoparticles have received increased attention, which promises the promotion of in vitro cancer diagnosis
toward new level of performance. Quantum dots (QDs), gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) and magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs)
are the most promising nanomaterials for in vitro cancer detection. This mini-review surveys the issued patents in recent
five years with the use of inorganic nanoparticles for diagnosing cancer.
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