Current Rheumatology Reviews

Dr. Serena Guiducci  
Department of Biomedicine, Division of Rheumatology
University of Florence
Florence
Italy

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Mycobacterium Tuberculosis in New Biologic Era

Author(s): Claudia Diniz Lopes Marques, Angela Luzia Branco Pinto Duarte, Fernando de Souza Cavalcanti.

Abstract:

The use of biologic drugs for treating inflammatory joint diseases was approved at the end of last century. Several cases of active lung and extra-pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) were reported at the beginning, and led to creating mandatory screening for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) before initiating the treatment with them. The purified protein derivative (PPD) test is the test of choice for diagnosing LTBI, but it has limited sensitivity and specificity, especially in the tropical area. Furthermore, patients with autoimmune diseases have a low frequency of positive skin test compared to patients who do not. Therefore, tests using Interferon Gamma Release Assays (IGRAs) have been carried out with a view to their use in assisting to diagnose LTBI. This chapter places tuberculosis and latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in a world context; recounts the origins of the two main tests for detecting LTBI and ant-TNF; evaluates their effectiveness as seen today bearing in mind the incidence of active TB in any given country; and makes proposals for their optimum use including when IGRAs might be used most appropriately.

Keywords: Latent tuberculosis infection, tuberculin skin test, PPD, anti-TNF, interferon gamma release assays, IGRAs.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 9
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2013
Page: [200 - 208]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/157339710903140130123305
Price: $58