Self-management Programmes for People with Osteoarthritis: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
Toby O. Smith, Leigh Davies, Liz McConnell, Jane Cross and Caroline B. Hing
Affiliation: Queen's Building, School of Allied Health Professions, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, NR4 7TJ, UK.
Osteoarthritis is one of the most common chronic, disabling diseases, which typically causes pain, stiffness and
functional impairment. Self-management programmes have been advocated in clinical guidelines aimed at reducing the
effect of symptoms and illness from impacting on lifestyle and activities. This study assesses the evidence-base examining
the clinical and cost-effectiveness of self-management programmes for adults with osteoarthritis.
An electronic search was conducted on 6th June 2013 of the published literature including the databases: AMED,
CINAHL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed and the Cochrane Library. This was supplemented with a search of
unpublished databases and trial registries. All randomised and quasi-randomised controlled trials comparing the clinical
and/or cost-effectiveness of people with osteoarthritis randomised to self-management programmes or control group were
included. Methodological quality was assessed using the PEDro appraisal tool. Meta-analyses were conducted when
minimal methodological study heterogeneity was exhibited.
A total of nine studies were identified, including 2237 participants. The results indicated self-management interventions
provided no statistically significant benefit in respect to pain, function, perceived quality of life, depression or satisfaction
during the first twelve months compared to not receiving this intervention (p>0.05). Whilst there was some evidence to
suggest that self-management intervention may improve participant’s knowledge of their condition, this appeared to have
no significant impact on their use of analgesics or the frequency to which they consulted community physicians or physiotherapists
The evidence assessing the effectiveness of self-management programmes for people with osteoarthritis is equivocal.
Evaluation of the different components of a self-management intervention, and investigation on how best this should be
delivered for long-term adherence is required to systematically assess the clinical effectiveness of self-management programmes
for different patient-groups with osteoarthritis.
Keywords: Degenerative, hip, knee, chronic disease management, self-care, health education, clinical outcomes.
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