Catalytic Activity of Manganese Oxide Anchored on to Alumina and Zirconia for the Synthesis of Dihydropyrimidinones: Role of Acidity, Crystal Phase and Morphology

Author(s): Mahadevaiah Rekha, Hagalahalli N. Hareesh, Nagaraju Kathyayini, Narasimaiah Nagaraju.

Journal Name:Current Catalysis

Volume 3 , Issue 1 , 2014

Abstract:

Manganese oxide supported on alumina and zirconia has been prepared by precipitation-impregnation method. The materials have been characterized by FT-IR, P-XRD, BET, TPD-NH3, TGA, SEM and TEM techniques for their textural properties. The catalytic activity of these materials has been explored in the synthesis of dihydropyrimidinones via.,Biginelli reaction. A rod like morphology is observed for zirconia containing 5% manganese oxide. These materials exhibited good catalytic activity in terms of isolated yield (>97%) and selectivity (100%) for the synthesis of dihydropyrimidinones. Acidity of the catalysts and the tetragonal phase of zirconia were found to play an important role in catalyzing this reaction. The catalyst with 5%Mn/ZrO2 exhibited distinctly different catalytic activity. The catalyst is reusable without losing its activity upto 5 cycles.

Keywords: Biginelli reaction, dihydropyrimidinones, manganese oxide on alumina/zirconia, role of acidity, solvent free synthesis.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 3
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2014
Page: [88 - 102]
Pages: 15
DOI: 10.2174/2211544703999140130115808