Methods: HIV-infected, treatment-naïve adults were randomized to receive rilpivirine (RPV) or efavirenz (EFV), plus a background regimen. Virologic response rates (FDA snapshot analysis; HIV-1 RNA <50 copies/mL) were assessed at Week 96. Total-body bone mineral density was evaluated at baseline and Week 96 by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scans. Serum concentrations of 25-hydroxy vitamin D (ECHO trial only) were also measured at baseline, Week 24 and Week 48.
Results: 1368 patients were treated. At Week 96, virologic response rates were similar between older (77%) and younger (76%) RPV-treated patients and numerically higher in older (84%) versus younger (76%) EFV-treated patients. No clinically relevant age-related differences were observed in immunologic responses. Small differences were noted in older versus younger patients in adverse events (higher rates of depression, insomnia, and rash in older EFV-treated patients), laboratory abnormalities (increased low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and hyperglycemia in older EFV-treated patients and increased amylase in older patients across treatments), bone mineral density (larger decreases in older patients across treatments), and progression to severe vitamin D deficiency (greater in older versus younger EFV-treated patients).
Conclusion: Efficacy and safety outcomes were generally similar in older versus younger patients in the ECHO and THRIVE trials.