Login

Journal Image
Endocrine‚ Metabolic & Immune Disorders-Drug Targets
(Formerly Current Drug Targets - Immune‚ Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders)
ISSN (Print): 1871-5303
ISSN (Online): 2212-3873
VOLUME: 13
ISSUE: 4
DOI: 10.2174/1871530314666140123152024      Price:  $58









Immunopharmacology of the Main Herbal Supplements: A Review

img
Author(s): Angelo P. Amico, Annamaria Terlizzi, Sabino Damiani, Maurizio Ranieri, Marisa Megna and Pietro Fiore
Pages 283-288 (6)
Abstract:
It is debated whether the use of herbal supplements in endurance sports, in order to have a better performance, is correct or not, from the perspective of both as safety and as effectiveness. In this review we try to find out if the most common herbal supplements (Echinacea, Rhodiola, Ginseng) are effective in the improvement of performance or in the modulation of the immune system. According to the results of our review, the prevalent effect is adaptogenic rather than ergogenic, with a better tolerance of the exercise induced stress, related to enhancement of the whole immune system and decrease of the oxidative damage.
Keywords:
Adaptogenic, echinacea, ginseng, herbal supplements, immune system, performance, rhodiola.
Affiliation:
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Unit, Neuroscience and Sense Organs Department, “Aldo Moro” University of Bari, Policlinico, Piazza Giulio Cesare 11, 70124 Bari, Italy.