Mini-Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry

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Metallothioneins and Synthetic Metal Chelators as Potential Therapeutic Agents for Removal of Aberrant Metal Ions from Metal-Aβ Species

Author(s): Ning Xia and Lin Liu

Affiliation: College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Anyang Normal University, Anyang, Henan 455000, People's Republic of China.

Keywords: Alzheimer's disease, Amyloid-β, Metal ions, Metal chelators.

Abstract:

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is characterized by the deposition of amyloid-β (Aβ) peptide in the brains of AD patients. Such a process is linked to the binding of metal ions (e.g., Cu, Fe and Zn) with Aβ. As a result, metal chelation could be used as a rational therapeutic pathway for the treatment of AD. In this review, we address some noteworthy advances on the utilization of metal chelators, such as native metallothioneins and synthetic compounds, as potential therapeutic agents for AD. In addition, the future design and utility of metal chelating drugs as well as the strategy pursued to transport metal chelators into the brain are highlighted. We believe that this contribution will be valuable for the design of metal-chelating drugs for AD treatment.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 14
ISSUE: 3
Page: [271 - 281]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/1389557514666140123124841