Breast milk and colostrum are the first feeding sources for a child, providing nutrients, growth factors and
immunological components, which are crucial for the newborn’s correct development and health. Length of exclusive
breastfeeding and time of solid foods introduction is a key factor that may influence allergy development. There is an
emerging evidence of a relationship between breastfeeding, milk composition and lower risk of chronic diseases, such as
diabetes, obesity, hypertension and allergies. This review examines current evidence regarding humoral and cellular
characteristics of breast-milk, and potential role of environment, maternal diet and breastfeeding on the allergy
development in children.
Keywords: Allergy, atopy, breast-milk, breastfeeding, cytokines, environment, immunoglobulin, nutrients.
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