Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry

(Formerly Current Medicinal Chemistry - Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents)

Debabrata Mukherjee
Department of Internal Medicine Texas Tech University
4800 Alberta Avenue El Paso
Texas, 79905
USA

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Sodium Glucose Co-Transporter 2 (SGLT2) Inhibition with Canagliflozin in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Author(s): Sarmad Said and German T. Hernandez

Affiliation: Division of Nephrology & Hypertension, Department of Internal Medicine, Paul L. Foster School of Medicine, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center at El Paso, 4800 Alberta Avenue, El Paso, Texas, 79905, USA.

Keywords: Antihyperglycemic agents, body weight loss, canagliflozin, hypoglycemia, renal threshold for glucose, SGLT2 inhibitor, type 2 diabetes mellitus, urinary glucose excretion.

Abstract:

The sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) is expressed primarily in the kidneys and is involved in the reabsorption of filtered glucose in the renal tubule. Clinical trials of SGLT2 inhibitors in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus demonstrate a significant clinical effect in decreasing serum glucose, hemoglobin A1C, body weight, systolic blood pressure, improving β-cell function, and minimizing the risk of hypoglycemia. This report reviews the potentially beneficial effects of SGLT2 inhibitors in type 2 diabetes mellitus, specifically focusing on canagliflozin, the only SGLT2 inhibitor approved for use in the United States.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 11
ISSUE: 3
Page: [203 - 206]
Pages: 4
DOI: 10.2174/187152571103140120103032