Nanotechnology is revolutionizing the development of different branches of science. The investigation of
nanomaterials in the battle against cancer is not an exception. The main goal of this contribution is to bring an overview
about the types of organic and inorganic nanomaterials that are under investigation for its applications in different aspects
of cancer therapy: detection, diagnosis, contrast agents, controlled drug delivery, and hyperthermia. This review also includes
fundamental aspects such as basic properties and synthesis of nanoparticles, with an emphasis on the use of selfassembed
systems such as micelles, microemulsions, nanoemulsions, and liposomes.