Latest Advances in Clinical and Pre-Clinical Cardiovascular MRI

Latest Advances in Clinical and Pre-Clinical Cardiovascular MRI

Indexed in: Book Citation Index, Science Edition, EBSCO.



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Flow Quantification: 1D to 4D

Pp. 84-106 (23)

Christopher J. Francois

Abstract

Flow quantification with magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is an established method for assessing patients with a variety of cardiovascular diseases, particularly valvular heart disease and congenital heart disease. This chapter reviews basic MR physics and clinical applications for flow quantification, from one-directional flowsensitive MR to time-resolved, three-directional flow-sensitive MR.

Keywords:

MR Flow, phase contrast, flow quantification, 4D flow MR, congenital heart disease, valvular heart disease.

Affiliation:

Department of Radiology, University of Wisconsin - Madison, 600 Highland Avenue, Madison, WI, 53792, USA