Highly Selective One-Pot Synthesis of Benzoin Ether Compounds on Ni- AlCe-Hydrotalcite Catalysts

Author(s): Kai Yan, Todd Lafleur, Jiayou Liao, Xianmei Xie.

Journal Name:Current Catalysis

Volume 3 , Issue 1 , 2014

Abstract:

In this study, benzoin methyl ether and benzoin ethyl ether were highly selectively synthesized in one-pot reaction using the reusable NiAlCe-hydrotalcite catalysts, where the benzoin ether compounds are traditionally obtained in two steps through condensation and etherification. The high crystallinity NiAlCe-hydrotalcites with different Ni2+/Al3+/Ce3+ ratios were facilely synthesized by the coprecipitation method under a constant pH value. The reaction parameters (e.g., different Ni2+/Al3+/Ce3+ ratios, reaction time, temperature, amount and the stability of catalyst) were studied in details and it was found that the Ni2+/Al3+/Ce3+ ratios, reaction temperature and the reaction medium play crucial influence on the catalytic activity and products distribution. 99.2% selectivity of benzoin methyl ether was achieved at 85.4% conversion of benzaldehyde and 98.3% selectivity was obtained at 63.7% conversion using a NiAlCe-hydrotalcite catalyst with the Ni2+/Al3+/Ce3+ ratio of 22:10:1, respectively. Besides, NiAlCe-hydrotalcite catalysts were easily recycled through a simple separation process and show high stability over three consecutive runs.

Keywords: Benzoin methyl ether, benzoin ethyl ether, coprecipitation, NiAlCe-hydrotalcite, one-pot synthesis.

Rights & PermissionsPrintExport

Article Details

VOLUME: 3
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2014
Page: [73 - 81]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/2211544702666131230234317