A Systematic Review of a Naturally Occurring Iridoid: Catalpol
Zhihua Liu and Xuesen Wen
Affiliation: Institute of Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Shandong University, Jinan 250012, China Postal address: 44# Wenhua Xilu, Jinan 250012, China
Catalpol is one of the most abundant naturally occurring iridoids. Catalpol appears to possess many excellent
biological and pharmacological activities as shown in recent investigations. In this paper, the bioactivities together with its
physicochemical properties, natural occurrence, distribution, isolation, determination, biosynthesis, pharmacokinetics and
some bioactivities of its derivatives were systemically reviewed. A perspective on future research interest and application
was also provided.
Keywords: Bioactivity, biosynthesis, catalpol, derivative, determination, distribution, isolation.
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