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Current Medicinal Chemistry
ISSN (Print): 0929-8673
ISSN (Online): 1875-533X
DOI: 10.2174/0929867321666131228205146      Price:  $58

Innate Inflammatory Responses in Stroke: Mechanisms and Potential Therapeutic Targets

Author(s): J.Y. Kim, M. Kawabori and M.A. Yenari
Pages 2076-2097 (22)
Stroke is a frequent cause of long-term disability and death worldwide. Ischemic stroke is more commonly encountered compared to hemorrhagic stroke, and leads to tissue death by ischemia due to occlusion of a cerebral artery. Inflammation is known to result as a result of ischemic injury, long thought to be involved in initiating the recovery and repair process. However, work over the past few decades indicates that aspects of this inflammatory response may in fact be detrimental to stroke outcome. Acutely, inflammation appears to have a detrimental effect, and anti-inflammatory treatments have been been studied as a potential therapeutic target. Chronically, reports suggest that post-ischemic inflammation is also essential for the tissue repairing and remodeling. The majority of the work in this area has centered around innate immune mechanisms, which will be the focus of this review. This review describes the different key players in neuroinflammation and their possible detrimental and protective effects in stroke. A better understanding of the roles of the different immune cells and their temporal profile of damage versus repair will help to clarify more effective modulation of inflammation post stroke.
Brain ischemia, inflammation, neuroprotection, stroke.
Dept. of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco and Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Francisco, California 4150 Clement Street, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA.