Ultrasound and Microbubble Guided Drug Delivery: Mechanistic Understanding and Clinical Implications

Author(s): Tzu-Yin Wang, Katheryne E. Wilson, Steven Machtaler, Jurgen K. Willmann.

Journal Name:Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology

Volume 14 , Issue 8 , 2013

Abstract:

Ultrasound mediated drug delivery using microbubbles is a safe and noninvasive approach for spatially localized drug administration. This approach can create temporary and reversible openings on cellular membranes and vessel walls (a process called "sonoporation"), allowing for enhanced transport of therapeutic agents across these natural barriers. It is generally believed that the sonoporation process is highly associated with the energetic cavitation activities (volumetric expansion, contraction, fragmentation, and collapse) of the microbubble. However, a thorough understanding of the process was unavailable until recently. Important progress on the mechanistic understanding of sonoporation and the corresponding physiological responses in vitro and in vivo has been made. Specifically, recent research shed light on the cavitation process of microbubbles and fluid motion during insonation of ultrasound, on the spatio-temporal interactions between microbubbles and cells or vessel walls, as well as on the temporal course of the subsequent biological effects. These findings have significant clinical implications on the development of optimal treatment strategies for effective drug delivery. In this article, current progress in the mechanistic understanding of ultrasound and microbubble mediated drug delivery and its implications for clinical translation is discussed.

Keywords: Contrast agents, Drug delivery, Microbubbles, Sonoporation, Therapy, Ultrasound.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 14
ISSUE: 8
Year: 2013
Page: [743 - 752]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/1389201014666131226114611
Price: $58