The α-pinene dimerization in liquid phase was studied by using phosphotungstic acid catalysts H3PW12O40,
(HPW) supported on commercial silica. These catalysts were characterized by XRD, FT-IR and FT-IR of pyridine adsorbed.
Catalyst characterization by XRD showed the presence of HPW crystals on HPWSi catalyst. FT-IR spectra
showed only bands assigned to the pyridine adsorption on Bronsted acid sites. The catalytic activity was found to depend
on the reaction temperature and the amount of catalyst loaded in the reactor, and the highest selectivity in dimers corresponded
to the HPW supported. Under reaction conditions 130ºC and 4% catalyst, the most active catalyst showed 100%
α-pinene conversion and 55% selectivity to dimers. The selectivity to dimers increases with the increase of the reaction
temperature and the amount of catalyst loaded in the reactor.
Keywords: α-pinene, Biojet, Bronsted, Dimerization, Monoterpenes, Phosphotungstic acid, Terpenes.
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