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Current Medicinal Chemistry
ISSN (Print): 0929-8673
ISSN (Online): 1875-533X
VOLUME: 21
ISSUE: 13
DOI: 10.2174/0929867321666131218095521      Price:  $58









Development of Small Molecule Non-peptide Formyl Peptide Receptor (FPR) Ligands and Molecular Modeling of Their Recognition

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Author(s): I.A. Schepetkin, A.I. Khlebnikov, M.P. Giovannoni, L.N. Kirpotina, A. Cilibrizzi and M.T. Quinn
Pages 1478-1504 (27)
Abstract:
Formyl peptide receptors (FPRs) are G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) expressed on a variety of cell types. These receptors play an important role in the regulation of inflammatory reactions and sensing cellular damage. They have also been implicated in the pathogenesis of various diseases, including neurodegenerative diseases, cataract formation, and atherogenesis. Thus, FPR ligands, both agonists and antagonists, may represent novel therapeutics for modulating host defense and innate immunity. A variety of molecules have been identified as receptor subtype-selective and mixed FPR agonists with potential therapeutic value during last decade. This review describes our efforts along with recent advances in the identification, optimization, biological evaluation, and structure–activity relationship (SAR) analysis of small molecule non-peptide FPR agonists and antagonists, including chiral molecules. Questions regarding the interaction at the molecular level of benzimidazoles, pyrazolones, pyridazin-3(2H)-ones, N-phenylureas and other derivatives with FPR1 and FPR2 are discussed. Application of computational models for virtual screening and design of FPR ligands is also considered.
Keywords:
Agonist, Ca2+ mobilization, chiral recognition, formyl peptide receptor, G protein-coupled receptor, neutrophil, molecular modeling.
Affiliation:
Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717, USA.