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Letters in Drug Design & Discovery
ISSN (Print): 1570-1808
ISSN (Online): 1875-628X
Epub Full Text Article
DOI: 10.2174/1570180811666131217002719      Price:  $95









Design, Synthesis and In-Vitro Evaluation of Polymer-linked Prodrug of Methotrexate for the Targeted Delivery to the Colon

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Author(s): Nishu Singla, Rajiv Sharma and T.R. Bhardwaj
Abstract:
The different substituted polyphosphazene-linked azo prodrug of Methotrexate (9-12) and chitosan-linked azo prodrug of methotrexate (13) were synthesized and characterized by modern analytical techniques such as IR, 1H NMR, 31P NMR and GPC. The in-vitro stability study showed that all polymeric drug conjugates are stable in upper GIT (pH = 1.2) and small intestine (pH = 7.4). In-vitro drug release showed that polyphosphazene-linked azo prodrug of methotrexate (12) has maximum release (88.4%) in the presence of rat cecal content compared to chitosan linked azo prodrug of methotrexate (13). Therefore, the synthesized polyphosphazene linked azo based drug conjugates of methotrexate (9-12) are the potential candidates for colon targeted drug delivery system with minimal undesirable side effects.
Keywords:
Cancer, Chitosan, Drug conjugate, Polyphosphazene, Polymer, Prodrug
Affiliation:
Polymer Chemistry and Technology Research Laboratory, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Indo- Soviet friendship (I.S.F) College of Pharmacy, Ferozepur Road, Moga-142 001, India.