Current Pediatric Reviews

Giuseppe Buonocore
Department of Molecular and Developmental Medicine
University of Siena
Siena
Italy

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A Review of the Management of Lymphangiomas

Author(s): Jennifer Ha, Yu-Ching Yu, Francis Lannigan.

Abstract:

Introduction: Lymphangioma is a rare benign cyst caused by congenital malformation of the lymphatic systems that often occurs in the cervicofacial region. There is no consensus on its management: Observation, aspiration, injection, cryotherapy, electrocautery, radiation, laser, ligation and excision.

Methods: We performed a literature search with the keywords “cystic hygroma”, “lymphangioma”, “management”, “OK 432” and “picibanil” from Medline, Embase and PubMed databases.

Results: We present a review of the history, signs and symptoms, diagnosis, histology, classification and management options of cystic hygroma.

Conclusion: There is no consensus on the treatment options. It should be individualised depending on the size of the lesion, anatomic localisation and complications.

Keywords: Cystic hygroma, lymphangioma, management, head and neck, picibanil, review.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 10
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2014
Page: [238 - 248]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/1573396309666131209210751
Price: $58