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Current Drug Abuse Reviews
ISSN (Print): 1874-4737
ISSN (Online): 1874-4745
VOLUME: 6
ISSUE: 2
DOI: 10.2174/1874473706666131205152404      Price:  $58









On Illicit Drug Policies; Methods of Evaluation and Comments on Recent Practices

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Author(s): Giovanni Trovato and Antonio Vezzani
Pages 144-151 (8)
Abstract:
This contribution provides an overview of different approaches used to analyse drug policies within and across countries. Besides the great number of cost of illness studies which have contributed to the assessment of health harms and risks associated to the drug use, most of the recent efforts have focused on the creation of synthetic indices to classify countries around the world or to evaluate particular law enforcement policies in some countries. This is probably due to a general lack of comparable data across countries. The wide variety of budgetary practices in the drugs field in Europe contributes to the problems that exist in estimating drug-related public expenditure. These heterogeneous accounting practices, together with the complexity of the drug phenomenon and the multiplicity of perspectives on the issue, strongly constrains the possibility of economically evaluate and compare drug laws across countries.
Keywords:
Drug policy evaluation, illicit drugs, social cost of drug abuse.
Affiliation:
European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS), Edificio Expo C/Inca Garcilaso, 3 E-41092 Seville, Spain.