Nesfatin-1; Implication in Stress and Stress-associated Anxiety and Depression

Author(s): T. L. Emmerzaal, T. Kozicz.

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 19 , Issue 39 , 2013

Abstract:

Nesfatin-1, derived from an 82-amino-acid peptide precursor protein nucleobindin-2 (NUCB2), is a highly conserved peptide across mammalian species. Initial functional and neuroanatomical studies on NUCB2/nesfatin-1 in the central nervous system have supported a role for NUCB2/nesfatin-1 as a novel satiety molecule. In recent years, however, it has become apparent that this neuropeptide is involved in various other processes, one of which is the stress response. Stress-associated activation of NUCB2/nesfatin-1 neurons, together with nesfatin-1’s central actions in the brain, is indicative of its significance in the stress adaptation response. Interestingly, increasing body of evidence implicates also NUCB2/nesfatin-1 in various forms of stress-associated psychopathologies, such as anxiety and depression. In this review, we will outline evidence that has significantly broadened our understanding of the biological significance of NUCB2/nesfatin-1 far beyond to be only a hypothalamic peptide with potent anorexigenic actions. NUCB2/nesfatin-1 neurons in the brain seem to emerge as novel, integral regulators of the stress adaptation response.

Keywords: Nucleobindin-2, psychopathology, acute stress, chronic stress, energy metabolism, human, rodent.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 19
ISSUE: 39
Year: 2013
Page: [6941 - 6948]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/138161281939131127125042
Price: $58

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