Ethical, Political and Societal Implications of the Open Access Journal Movement in the Era of Economic Crisis, with Emphasis on Public Health Pharmacogenomics
Nicola L. Bragazzi
Affiliation: chool of Public Health, Department of Health Sciences (DISSAL), University of Genoa, 16132 Genoa, Italy.
Publication of the research outputs is a vital step of the research processes and a gateway between the laboratory
and the global society. Open Access is revolutionizing the dissemination of scientific ideas, particularly in the field of
public health pharmacogenomics that examines the ways in which pharmacogenomics impacts health systems and services
at a societal level, rather than a narrow bench to bedside model of translation science. This manuscript argues that despite
some limitations and drawbacks, open access has profound ethical, political and societal implications especially on
underdeveloped and developing countries, and that it provides opportunities for science to grow in these resource-limited
countries, particularly in the era of a severe economic and financial crisis that is imposing cuts and restrictions to research.
Keywords: Economic and financial crisis, gold open access, green open access, open access, public health pharmacogenomics.
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