Qualitative and Quantitative Variables that Affect the Potency of Fc- Mediated Effector Function In Vitro and In Vivo: Considerations for Passive Immunization Using Non-Neutralizing Antibodies
George K Lewis.
Passive immunization studies in non-human primates have established unequivocally that virus neutralization
can prevent infection, providing the impetus for current intense efforts to identify immunogens that elicit broadly
neutralizing antibodies in humans. Although Fc-mediated effector function may also contribute to protection by
neutralizing antibodies, its role in protection by non-neutralizing antibodies is controversial. Here, I review the literature
suggesting a role for Fc-mediated effector by non-neutralizing antibodies in protective immunity against HIV-1 with a
primary focus on antibody mediated cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) and related responses such as antibody-dependent
cellular viral inhibition (ADCVI). Special emphasis is placed on qualitative and quantitative variables including antibody
specificity and dose-response behavior in vitro and in vivo, which I propose as key variables in future passive
immunization studies. Properly configured, these studies should clarify the role of Fc-mediated effector function by nonneutralizing
antibodies in protection against HIV-1.
Keywords: Antibody-dependent cell mediated cytotoxicity, antibody structure, antigen structure, Fc-mediated effector
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