Regulation of EMT by KLF4 in Gastrointestinal Cancer

Author(s): Jiujie Cui, Min Shi, Ming Quan, Keping Xie.

Journal Name: Current Cancer Drug Targets

Volume 13 , Issue 9 , 2013

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Abstract:

Gastrointestinal (GI) cancer is characterized by its aggressiveness, but the underlying mechanism is not fully understood. Studies reveal that epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT), which is regulated by a series of transcription factors and signaling pathways, is strongly associated with GI cancer cell proliferation, invasion and metastasis. Importantly, EMT is a product of crosstalk between signaling pathways. Krüppel-like factor 4 (KLF4), a zinc finger-type transcription factor, is decreased or lost in most GI cancers. By transcriptionally regulating its downstream target genes, KLF4 plays important roles of GI cancer tumorigenesis, proliferation and differentiation. In this review, we focus on the mechanism of KLF4 in GI cancer EMT, and demonstrate that through crosstalk with TGF-β, Notch, and Wnt signaling pathways, KLF4 negatively regulates EMT of GI cancers. Finally, we indicate the challenging new frontiers for KLF4 which contributes to better understanding of the mechanism of GI cancer aggressiveness.

Keywords: EMT, gastrointestinal cancer, KLF4, Notch, TGF-β, Wnt.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 13
ISSUE: 9
Year: 2013
Page: [986 - 995]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/15680096113136660104
Price: $58

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