Intravitreal Injections and Diabetic Macular Edema: Actual and New Therapeutic Options
Nicola Pescosolido, Federica Pranno and Giuseppe Buomprisco
Affiliation: University “Sapienza” of Rome, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Department of Cardiovascular, Respiratory, Nephrologic, Anesthesiologic and Geriatric Sciences, Viale del Policlinico 155, 00161, Rome, Italy.
Keywords: Anti-VEGF, diabetic macular edema, diabetes, neovascularization, rethinopathy, vision loss prevention.
The management of diabetic macular edema (DME) has been revolutionized in recent years. Focal and focal/
grid laser photocoagulation have been the mainstay of treatment for DME for much time. However, nowadays, there is
growing evidence that intravitreal VEGF-inhibitors (combined or not with laser photocoagulation) provide better visual
outcome in patients with diabetic retinopathy. Hence, anti-VEGF injections are considered the new gold standard to treat
diabetic macular edema and eyes with a reduced visual function. Further studies assessing different treatment regimens
are underway to define better clinical care pathways.
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