Differences in Functional Brain Activation and Hippocampal Volume Among Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment Subtypes

Author(s): Xin Li, Lu Zheng, Junying Zhang, Xiaoqing Zhou, Chao Ma, Yaojing Chen, Ni Shu, Zhanjun Zhang.

Journal Name: Current Alzheimer Research

Volume 10 , Issue 10 , 2013

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Abstract:

Patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) often display deficits in episodic memory. Amnestic MCI is now recognized as a prodromal form of Alzheimer's disease. Various aMCI clinical subtypes have been identified as ingle-domain (SD) or multi-domain (MD). The various subtypes represent heterogeneous syndrome indicating the probability of progression to AD, impaired cognitive domains and so on. To examine the characteristics of brain regions of aMCI subtypes is likely to be important for early diagnosis and prediction to AD. This study investigated brain functional activation and hippocampal atrophy during a visually complex scene encoding in 20 individuals with aMCI-SD, 14 individuals with aMCI-MD and 25 healthy controls. During the encoding task, aMCI-MD patients had reduced activation in right superior medial frontal, right inferior and middle temporal, right middle occipital and left inferior frontal regions compared to controls. The different active brain regions between aMCI-MD and aMCI-SD patients are the right middle occipital and left middle cingulum regions. The aMCI-MD group had significantly lower left hippocampus volumes compared to the aMCI-SD group and controls, but there was no difference between aMCI-SD patients and the control group in terms of left hippocampus atrophy. The findings provide evidence that aMCI may represent a heterogeneous group. The aMCI-MD patients displayed more severe hippocampcal atrophy and fMRI activation changes than aMCI-SD. The aMCIMD may represent a more advanced prodromal stage of AD.

Keywords: Alzheimer's disease, amnestic mild cognitive impairment, episodic memory, fMRI, hippocampus.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 10
ISSUE: 10
Year: 2013
Page: [1080 - 1089]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/15672050113106660172
Price: $58

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