Role of Yeasts in Healthy and Impaired Gut Microbiota: The Gut Mycome
Gianluca Ianiro, Giovanni Bruno, Loris Lopetuso, Francesca Bartoli Beghella, Lucrezia Laterza, Francesca D'Aversa, Giovanni Gigante, Giovanni Cammarota and Antonio Gasbarrini
Affiliation: “A. Gemelli” University Hospital, Catholic University of Sacred Heart, Largo A. Gemelli 8, Rome, 00168, Italy.
Keywords: Gut mycome, gut microbiota, Saccharomyces boulardii, yeasts.
Although several studies have been published on the gut microbiota composition, they are mainly focused on bacteria. Therefore,
the world of gut yeasts, the “gut mycome”, is still unclear. Over the last years, brand new gut microbiota analysis techniques have
been applied to the study of yeasts, with exciting results both in health and in disease. A therapeutic potential for many gastrointestinal
and extra-intestinal diseases has been recognized for selected yeast strains, such as Saccharomyces boulardii. This narrative review represents
an overview of the new evidences regarding the “gut mycome”.
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