Polymeric Drug Delivery Approaches for Colon Targeting: A Review
Apninder Kaur, Amarjeet Kaur, Vishav P. Kaur, Manpreet Kaur and Ramchandra S. Murthy
Affiliation: Pharmaceutics Department, I.S.F. College of Pharmacy, Firozpur Road, Moga-142001, Punbjab, India.
Colorectal cancer being a life style disease, number of cases is increasing day by day. Oral drug delivery to
treat colonic diseases encounters many problems like drug stability in the harsh environment of the upper GI tract, low
percentage of drug remained in the dosage form to be released in the colon, heavy dilution of the drug released in the colon
fluid etc. Hence novel strategies for colon targeting has attracted significant attention during the past 20 years in providing
several therapeutic advantages particularly for drugs that are sensitive to acidic condition and to intestinal enzymes.
Sustained colonic release of drugs can be useful in the treatment of nocturnal asthma, angina and arthritis while site specific
release strategy is needed for local action for conditions involving colonic pathologies, such as ulcerative colitis, colorectal
cancer, Crohn's disease and colon cancer. This article is focused on different polymeric materials particularly of
natural origin that are considered to design different types of colon delivery systems and their comparative efficacies are
Keywords: Colon cancer, colon targeting, colon delivery of drugs, natural polymers.
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